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Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware this website contains images, voices and names of people who have died.

Defining Moments: Castle Hill Rebellion

The 1804 Castle Hill Rebellion (or the Battle of Vinegar Hill) was Australia’s first convict uprising. See this defining moment in Australia’s history brought to life, as written by historian David Hunt.


1. Who took part in the Castle Hill Rebellion and what were their aims?

2. Why did the rebellion fail?

3. What might have been the consequences for Australia if the rebellion had succeeded?