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2.1 Introduction

<p>First Queensland Labor government, 1899</p>

State Library of Queensland

<p>First Queensland Labor government, 1899</p>

Socialism is the economic and political theory that promotes the redistribution of wealth in society from the rich to the poor. This redistribution could be achieved by violence — seizing the property of the rich by force and giving it to the poor — or the taxes raised by a government from the wealthy could be used to provide free services such as health care to all people. Where the government manages the distribution, this is known as ‘state socialism’.

Complete these investigations to discover information about the development of socialism in Australia in the nineteenth century.

Investigation 2.2
1890 Australian Labor Party
Investigation 2.3
1907 ‘Harvester Judgement’
Investigation 2.4
1908 National age and invalid pensions
Investigation 2.5
1912 Maternity allowance
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