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2.2 Where Australians fought

The main areas where Australians fought during the Second World War are listed in the table below. In most areas where Australian Military Forces (AMF) served, there were also Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) units in support. The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) also served in various theatres of war around the world.

Year

Region

1939

Battle of the Atlantic (RAN)

1940

North Africa (AMF)

Mediterranean (AMF)

Battle of the Atlantic (RAN)

Mediterranean (RAN)

Europe (RAAF)

1941

North Africa: Bardia, Tobruk, Benghazi (AMF)

Mediterranean: Greece, Crete (AMF)

Middle East: Syria, Lebanon (AMF)

Southeast Asia: Singapore, Malaya, Ambon, Timor (AMF)

Pacific Islands: Rabaul (AMF)

Mediterranean (RAN)

Battle of the Atlantic (RAN)

Europe (RAAF)

1942

Pacific Islands: Milne Bay, Kokoda, Buna, Gona (AMF)

Mediterranean (RAN)

Pacific Ocean (RAN)

Battle of the Atlantic (RAN)

Defence of Australia (RAN)

Europe (RAAF)

1943

Pacific Islands: Sanananda, Wau, Lae, Salamua, Huon Peninsula, Finschhafen, Finisterre, Rabaul (AMF)

Mediterranean: Invasion of Sicily (RAN)

Pacific Ocean (RAN)

Battle of the Atlantic (RAN)

Defence of Australia (RAN)

Europe (RAAF)

1944

Pacific Islands: Aitape, Wewak, Bougainville (AMF)

Pacific Ocean (RAN)

Battle of the Atlantic (RAN)

Europe (RAAF)

1945

Pacific Islands: New Guinea (AMF)

Southeast Asia: Balikpapan, Tarawa, Brunei (AMF)

Pacific Ocean (RAN)

Battle of the Atlantic (RAN)

Europe (RAAF)

1. This map uses letters to show each major region where Australians fought. Match the regions where fighting took place to the letters on the map.

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